The main task of configuring engineer by designing enclosure construction is to set up performances of the wall to the best options for existing conditions of the structure. Selecting and adjusting bearing elements of the perimeter wall is the first step, however, appropriateness and position of chosen materials have a major influence on technical properties and architectural expression of structure. Besides light vertical constructions (LVC) there are light wooden constructions from glued elements (LPVC), heavy vertical constructions (HVC) and prefabricated vertical constructions (PVC). All types have specifications allowing alternatives in terms of layer structure and bearing elements position. Each type is considered in terms of: structure – 2D drawing and 3D model, thermal insulation, overall heat transfer coefficient, architectural examination.